Darjeeling originally consisted of a cluster of villages, administered by the beautiful Nepal and Sikkim territories. However, towards the end of the 19th century, the hill-station began growing in prominence. One of the main reasons why it caught the attention of the British back then was due to its pleasant climate.
The British can be recognized as the first ones to establish a hill station in Darjeeling. They were notably, also the first ones to realize that Darjeeling was well-suited for tea plantations. Earlier in 1849, the British even annexed the region to make Darjeeling a part of their reign. It is quite obvious why the rulers decided to scour Darjeeling under their banner.
It was not until 1881 that the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway opened up for visitors to travel. The region is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a famous tourist destination with a number of places to visit in Darjeeling. The town in no time has become the de-facto summer capital of India.